Leading Up To The October 22 Chatham-Kent Municipal Election—Part Two

Ontario is a self-governing region of Canada. It (and every other Canadian province) receives its power and authority directly from Canada’s Constitution Act. The federal government cannot make changes to a province without the consent of all the provinces.

A Note About Entries

Leading Up To The October 22 Chatham-Kent Municipal Election will provide information (interesting and helpful information, I hope) about the powers, duties, and functions of the Municipality of Chatham-Kent, from garbage collection to mayor and councillors; about voting; about resident’s opinions on the effectiveness of the Municipality; and perhaps about possible improvements.

New entries will be added until the election. If you’d like to be notified of new entries, use Subscribe/RSS.

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Comments and corrections are welcome. You can comment ― and read other people’s comments ― at the end of this entry, also.

Clair Culliford

The Entries, So Far
Part 1. About The Municipality Of Chatham-Kent
Part 2. About Ontario Municipalities
Part 3. Wards, Mayor, Councillors, Council, School Board Representatives, & Voting ― #1 (Coming Soon)

Part 2. About Ontario Municipalities

Ontario is a self-governing region of Canada. It (and every other Canadian province) receives its power and authority directly from Canada’s Constitution Act. The federal government cannot make changes to a province without the consent of all the provinces.

Municipalities, however, are created by and receive their power and authority from provinces. Ontario can modify a municipality’s bylaws, abolish a municipality, or amalgamate it with another municipality. Should the Legislative Assembly Of Ontario vote to change the name of Chatham-Kent to Kent-Chatham or to Crowtown, the Municipality and its residents could do nothing to prevent the renaming.

Canadian municipalities are known as “creatures of the provinces.”

Though municipal government is often thought of as the smallest, least important of our three levels of government, it provides many of the services that most affect our daily lives ― electricity, drinking water, garbage pickup, and ambulance, fire, and police services, for example.

Municipalities in Ontario, with the exception of Toronto, are regulated by the Ontario Municipal Act. Toronto has its own Act, called the City Of Toronto Act.

There are currently 444 municipalities.

Federal, Provincial, & Municipal Responsibilities

Though Leading Up To The October 22 Chatham-Kent Municipal Election  is about municipal government, it’s helpful to have an overview of the responsibilities of each of the three levels of government that affect Chatham-Kent residents.

I have taken the following from several lists. Each gave different responsibilities and used different terminology. There seems to be no official version of which of our three levels of government are responsible for what.

Please let me know of any errors or omissions.

There are also the many First Nation reserve governments in Ontario. The Delaware Nation at Moraviantown is in Chatham-Kent.

a. Federal Responsibilities
• armed forces
• banking
• census
• child tax benefits
• citizenship
• copyright
• criminal law
• currency (bills and coins)
• Employment Insurance
• federal parks and heritage sites
• ferries (interprovincial and international)
• fisheries (sea coast and inland)
• foreign policy
• health care funding (provinces are responsible for health care implementation)
• immigration
• Indian Affairs
• international development and aid
• international trade and commerce
• matters connecting provinces; matters beyond boundaries of one province; matters within a province but to the advantage of Canada or more than one province
• national defence and security
• navigation and shipping
• old age pensions
• passports
• patents
• penitentiaries (for adult offenders—those 18 years and older—who have been sentenced to two or more years of imprisonment)
• postal service
• quarantine
• regulation of trade and commerce
• Royal Canadian Mounted Police
• social insurance numbers
• taxation (direct & indirect)
• telecommunications and internet
• Trans-Canada Highway

• weights and measures

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b. Ontario Responsibilities
• administration of civil and criminal justice
• birth certificates
• child protection services
• civil rights
• courts and civil laws
• direct taxation within province
• drivers’ licences
• education and schools
• family courts and child custody
• health services and hospitals
• highways
• incorporation of companies
• labour laws
• liquor licenses
• management and sale of public lands belonging to the province
• marriage licenses and divorce decrees
• municipalities
• natural resources management
• prisons (for adult offenders—those 18 years and older—serving a term of less than two years with and for young offenders)
• property laws
• provincial parks and heritage sites
c. Ontario Municipal Responsibilities
• airports
• ambulance services
• animal control
• arts and culture
• building permits/land use planning/zoning laws
• child care regulations
• economic development
• electric utilities
• fire services
• garbage pick-up
• libraries
• long term care and senior housing
• municipal parks
• municipal public transit
• municipal streets and roads
• municipal swimming pools
• police services
• property assessment
• property taxes and property taxes
• provincial offences administration
• public health
• recreation and community centres
• recycling programs
• school boards
• school taxes
• social housing
• social services
•storm sewers
• streets (parking, sidewalks, snow removal, signs, traffic)
• water and sewage

Sources

http://www.craigmarlatt.com/canada/
government/government.html

http://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/k12/cur/
socstud/foundation_gr9/blms/9-2-1d.pdf

http://civix.ca/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/Federal-
Provincial-and-Municipal-Responsibilities-AB.pdf

http://www.robert-duvall.ca/milton-resources/municipal-responsibilities

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Municipal_Act,_2001_(Ontario)

Previous Leading Up To The Chatham-Kent Municipal Election Entry:  Part 1. About Chatham-Kent

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